by Judith T. Fox

Translator’s note: I’ve attempted to keep these definitions very brief. Fuller explanations of many of these themes are available elsewhere on this site and I encourage you to read them. If you still have questions, have other words you want defined, or just want more information, please contact the Director of Congregational Learning,  at 860-233-2774,

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Ma'ariv -  The evening service.
Mazal Tov -  Good luck – usually said when we mean “congratulations!”
Mincha -  The afternoon service.
Minyan -  (pl. Minyanim) The 10 Jews that form the quorum required for a full prayer service.
Mitzvah -  (pl. Mitzvot) Those things which God commands us, as Jews, to do.
Motzi -  The Brachah (blessing) thanking God for bread.
Musaf -  An additional service added on Shabbat and holidays.