by Judith T. Fox
Translator’s note: I’ve attempted to keep these definitions very brief. Fuller explanations of many of these themes are available elsewhere on this site and I encourage you to read them. If you still have questions, have other words you want defined, or just want more information, please contact the Director of Congregational Learning, at 860-233-2774,
A portion from prophetic literature traditionally read after the Torah portion on Shabbat and holidays.
A festive ceremony during the holiday of Simchat Torah in which we joyfully carry the Torah scrolls around the sanctuary
The villain of the Purim story who sought to execute all the Jews of Persia.
Triangular cookies with sweet fillings said to resemble Hamanâ€™s hat or ears or pockets.
Leaven. Specifically leavened bread products that are forbidden on Pesach. (pronounced cHametz)
An eight day holiday that celebrates the miraculous liberation of the Jewish people from the Syrian Greeks. For instructions on how to light the candles, see our How to?/What if? page. (pronounced cHanukah)
A prayer recited at the end of Shabbat that separates Shabbat from the rest of the week.
Cantor. The professional who leads the parts of the service that are sung.
- Synonyms: Chesed
Hitlerâ€™s war against the Jewish people and others.